Common Orthodontic Issues

woman with braces

Orthodontics is used to treat a variety of conditions.

Crowding of the teeth

Patient started treatment at age 11 and wore braces for 26 months. He loves his new smile.

closeup picture of crowded teeth closeup picture of mouth after treatment for crowding of teeth

Open bite - Front teeth don't touch

Patient sucked her thumb as a young child. She started treatment at age 13. She had braces and a special appliance — called a crib — to retrain the tongue, for 28 months. Now she can bite the lettuce out of a sandwich.

closeup picture of mouth with open bite condition closeup picture of mouth after treatment for open bite condition

Deep overbite - Lower front teeth bite into palate

This adult patient, age 25, required braces and jaw surgery to correct his severe overbite, with treatment taking two years. His problem could have been corrected without surgery if he had been treated before he was a teenager.

closeup image of a mouth after treatment for a deep overbite closeup image of a mouth after treatment for a deep overbite

Missing lateral incisors

This patient's lateral incisors were congenitally missing. She had braces for 20 months to move the teeth into their correct positions, then the missing teeth were replaced with bonded "Maryland" bridges.

closeup picture of mouth with missing lateral incisors closeup image of a mouth after treatment for missing lateral incisors

Underbite - Lower front teeth in front of upper teeth

Patient's underbite was causing her jaw joint discomfort and excessive wear patterns on her teeth. After about 30 months of treatment starting at age 32, she now finds smiling and chewing much easier.

closeup picture of mouth with underbite closeup image of a mouth after treatment for underbite

Spacing of teeth

Patient was bothered by the spaces between his teeth. Braces closed the spaces and gave him an ideal bite in 24 months. Special glued-in retainers help keep the spaces closed.

closeup picture of mouth with spaces between teeth closeup image of a mouth after treatment for spaces between teeth

Overjet - Protruding front teeth

At age ten, patient had a big overjet with the top teeth protruding beyond the bottom. She had two phases of treatment. The first helped her jaws to grow more harmoniously and the second aligned her teeth and bite. At age 13, she was proudly displaying her new smile.

closeup picture of mouth with overbite closeup image of a mouth after treatment for overbite

Non-braces treatment

Sometimes braces are not needed to get noticeable improvements in tooth alignment. This patient was first seen at age seven for crowding of the lower permanent teeth. A procedure was performed to reduce the width of the adjacent baby teeth and the permanent incisors aligned on their own in nine months.

closeup picture of open mouth with teeth out of alignment closeup image of a mouth after non-braces treatment of unaligned teeth

Phase-One

Patient's parents were concerned about both aesthetics and the health of the erupting permanent teeth when they brought him to the orthodontist at age eight. The lower front teeth were crowded and touching the palate, and the upper front teeth were extremely displaced from their normal positions. After 12 months of Phase-One treatment with an expander and partial braces, patient's appearance and dental function were vastly improved.

closeup picture of open mouth before orthodontic treatment closeup image of a mouth after Phase 1 of treatment